标题: Embedding of spatial equity in a rapidly urbanising area: Walkability and air pollution exposure
作者: Yu, PH (Yu, Peiheng); Chen, YY (Chen, Yiyun); Xu, QY (Xu, Qinyi); Zhang, SJ (Zhang, Shujin); Yung, EHK (Yung, Esther Hiu Kwan); Chan, EHW (Chan, Edwin Hon Wan)
来源出版物: CITIES 卷: 131 文献号: 103942 DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2022.103942 出版年: DEC 2022
摘要: This paper investigates the spatial relationship between walkability and air pollution exposure via a spatial vertical equity lens, and discusses the possible bias of healthy spaces with a special focus on age groups and housing prices. The urban centre of Wuhan, China, a rapidly urbanising area, is taken as the study area. The findings obtained are: (i) spatial inequities of the urban-rural gradient are evident in terms of walkability and air pollution exposure, and the combinations of the two measurements divide the study area into high walkability-low pollution exposure spaces ("sweet spot' locations), low walkability-high pollution exposure spaces ("sour spot' locations), high walkability-high pollution exposure spaces ("risky spot' locations) and low walkability-low pollution exposure spaces; (ii) both minors and seniors were inequitably treated in healthy space allocation, but minors are at a more significant disadvantage than seniors; and (iii) the communities with low housing prices exhibit low walkability and high air pollution exposure, suggesting that healthy spaces are more likely observed in economically advantaged communities. The study proposes a spatial lens to investigate the importance of embedding the notion of vertical equity in the built environment, and thus provides a conceptual framework to support sustainable urban planning and public health.
作者关键词: Walkability; Air pollution exposure; The built environment; Spatial equity; China
地址: [Yu, Peiheng; Chen, Yiyun; Zhang, Shujin] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
[Yu, Peiheng; Yung, Esther Hiu Kwan; Chan, Edwin Hon Wan] Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Bldg & Real Estate, Hong Kong 999077, Peoples R China.
[Chen, Yiyun] Univ Cambridge, Ctr Dev Studies, Cambridge CB3 9DT, Cambridgeshire, England.
[Xu, Qinyi] Peking Univ, Sch Int Studies, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
[Xu, Qinyi] Univ Cambridge, Dept Land Econ, Cambridge CB3 9EP, Cambridgeshire, England.
通讯作者地址: Chen, YY (通讯作者)，Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
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